Brain Drain and Human Capital Migration Governance in Islamic Countries

The migration of human capital, the exodus of the elite and the educated is recognized as one of the significant development challenges in the population and labor market facing many developing countries. This has been a problem in Islamic countries to a large extent, and most of these countries are among the countries that send human capital to developed countries. So that the continuous loss of human capital and the lack of compensation for this lack due to the lack of recruitment of alternative forces from other countries can face many severe problems in the medium- and long-term Islamic countries sending human capital.

 But the point that can be considered in the meantime is that a group of countries at the same level of development or have regional socio-economic commonalities have undertaken policy and management measures of regional coordination. For example, the member states of the European Union or the region of Southeast Asia aim to manage the international flows of migration and migration of human capital, take policies, establish harmonized management and legal frameworks to face the growing challenges of unbalanced and irregular capital migration. Humans, and in particular threats, have become opportunities in the field of migration. Therefore, significant achievements have been achieved from this policy framework and joint action at the regional level in the face of the challenge of human capital migration for these countries.

The Challenge: At the level of Islamic countries, despite regional proximity, economic interactions, and abundant cultural and social commonalities, unfortunately, the lack of such a policy framework and joint action in migration and transfer of human capital has led to significant material and spiritual damage. Accordingly, what suggestions and solutions can be proposed to achieve this policy framework and joint action?