Corruption has a disproportionate impact on society which is most severe on the poor and most vulnerable group of population, increasing costs and reducing access to services, including health, education and justice. Corruption erodes trust in government and undermines the social contracts. This is a global concern, but particularly in contexts of fragility and violence, as corruption fuels and perpetuates the inequalities and discontent that lead to fragility, violent extremism, and conflict.
Corruption comes in different forms. It might impact service delivery, such as when an official asks for bribes to perform routine services. Corruption might unfairly determine the winners of government contracts, with awards favoring friends, relatives, or business associates of government officials. Or it might come in the form of state capture, distorting how institutions work and who controls them, a form of corruption that is often the costliest in terms of overall economic impact. All types of corruption are important and tackling all of them is critical to achieve progress and sustainable change